It is the direct successor of the Persian lute
This distinction is not based solely on geography; the Arabic oud is found not only in the but throughout the Arab-world "The origin of the short lute"

The lute type vina [.

Douglas Alton Smith argues the long-necked variety should not be called lute at all because it existed for at least a millennium before the appearance of the short-necked instrument that eventually evolved into what is now known the lute
Lute Society of America LSA
The earliest pictorial image of the barbat dates back to the 1st century BC from ancient northern and is the oldest evidence of the existence of the barbat
And its width: fifteen fingers He was well known for founding a school of music in , one of the places where the oud or lute entered Europe
Blum, Stephen 20 January 2001 The New Grove: 521—546 534

The shibr otherwise measures 12 fingers 36:3 : a 'full' finger should be about 2 cm in width.

-For a touch of shine, apply one layer over any lipstick as a top coat to bring more shine and reflection
العود الازرق
5 cm of the Turkish oud
The Greeks called it pandura; panduros; phanduros; panduris or pandurion
The name barbat itself meant short-necked lute in , the language of the , through which the instrument came west from Central Asia to the Middle East, adopted by the Persians
The short-necked lutes in these Gandhara artworks were "the venerable ancestor of the Islamic, the Sino-Japanese and the European lute families Gulf Arabic [ ] Etymology 1 [ ] Pronunciation [ ]• It usually has a scale length of 55—57 cm, instead of the 60—62 cm of the Arabic oud, and the 58

The Archaeomusicology of the Ancient Near East.

افضل انواع العود الكمبودي الملكي و المعتق
During the 8th and 9th centuries, many musicians and artists from across the Islamic world flocked to Iberia
مضرات و خواص عود برای سلامتی؛ آیا واقعا سوزاندن عود مفید است؟
And the neck must be one third of the length [of the speaking strings] and it is: ten fingers
معنی عود
Scola, Allison November 4, 2014