Some Bedouin army officers established tribal militias using the names of their tribes, though their military activities were not managed or coordinated by their tribal Sheikhs Tribal militias from the Tay and Sharabyen tribes were set up in al-Hassakeh governorate, where they received training from Iranian troops
Geography and population Bedouin tribes in Syria inhabit three geographical regions In some cases, there have been two conflicting tribal militias from the same tribe: one supporting the regime and one fighting against it

The Al-Bakir clan fought with ISIS while the al-Bukamel and Sheitat clans sided with Jabhat al-Nusra against ISIS.

الثورة الشعبية السورية : متابعة التطورات وآخر المستجدات : 2 [الأرشيف]
This paper will argue that tribal identity was and is still used by the Syrian regime, the opposition, the Kurds, the Islamists and international powers like Jordan, Iran, Turkey and the US to mobilize and direct the armed activities of tribesmen
Tribes of Syria: Pieces on a chessboard?
As peaceful protests transformed into violent confrontation, some tribesmen resorted to armed self-defence
تحميل برنامج اومي تي في: Ome TV للايفون والاندرويد برابط مباشر لدردشة الفيديو > مُوبايل فيتش : u/mobvic
When Syrian regime forces withdrew from most rural areas in the north-eastern part of the country, tribes fragmented into clans and there was competition among the clans to gain war spoils
Islamist groups and the Kurds became prominent actors in the conflict and they both tried to manipulate the tribes to serve their interests See the above map for the names of key tribes and their distribution in Syria
ISIS has tried hard to recruit youth from the tribes The aim of training and funding this tribal militia is to assist the Kurds in their attempt to liberate Raqqa from ISIS

On the other hand, the Syrian regime asked its loyal Sheikhs to set up militias and mobilize their youth to fight with the regime.

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تحميل برنامج اومي تي في: Ome TV للايفون والاندرويد برابط مباشر لدردشة الفيديو > مُوبايل فيتش : u/mobvic
Turkey, wary of growing Kurdish power in Syria and the alliances that the YPG has begun to weave with some Bedouin tribes in the region, has started to play the tribal card itself
الثورة الشعبية السورية : متابعة التطورات وآخر المستجدات : 2 [الأرشيف]
Many started defecting from the national army to join the Free Syrian Army
Tribes of Syria: Pieces on a chessboard?
For example, some members of the Bani Khaled tribe formed a battalion known as the Shield Brigade to fight under the umbrella of the Syrian army in Homs